Elegant Craftsman Style Furniture
Craftsman style furniture represented a complete departure from the over-embellished furnishings of the Victorian period. Craftsman style furniture was initially known as Mission furniture. The first pieces are presumed to be inspired by the Spanish missions of California. They were crafted in New York City in the 1890s. The major influence on this style was the British Arts and Crafts Movement. The middle-class homes of England and America were full of heavily ornamented pieces of furniture covered with fringed cloths and a collection of small ornamental objects. Craftsman style furniture is easily recognized by its simple, rustic style. Furniture often has a hand-hewn quailty, with square supports and a heavy appearance. Natural materials are common, such as leather and wool for seat cushions. Chests of drawers and cupboards had brass hinges in very simple designs, and if there were any decorative motifs they were taken from nature–flowers, vegetables, fruits, animals and bugs were common. Furniture was unpainted, and was usually oak or birch.